domingo, 27 de enero de 2013

HOW TO WRITE A NARRATIVE (CÓMO ESCRIBIR UN TEXTO NARRATIVO)

A NARRATIVE

A.- PLAN

PARAGRAPH 1
·         Where did the story take place?
·         Explain how the story starts.
·         Introduce the main characters.
PARAGRAPH 2
·         Make a list of the main events in the order they happened.
·         What did the characters do?
·         How did they feel?
PARAGRAPH 3
·         What happened in the end?
·         How did the characters feel?

 
B.- USEFUL LANGUAGE

NARRATIVE TENSES
We usually use past tenses when writing a narrative text:
 
PAST SIMPLE
Two years ago Tom met a very attractive woman.
 
PAST CONTINUOUS
I was speaking to Mary when…
 
PAST PERFECT
I had just bought a present when…
 
PRESENT PERFECT
 
I have never been back again…
USED TO
 
We used to go there every year.


TIME EXPRESSIONS
PAST SIMPLE
 
When (cuando)
 
Last year, etc.
(el año pasado)
 
Five years ago,…
(hace cinco años)
 
PAST CONTINUOUS
 
While (mientras que)
 
PRESENT PERFECT
PAST PERFECT
Already (ya)
 
Ever (alguna vez)
 
For
(durante, desde hace)
 
Just (acabar de)
 
Never (nunca)
 
Since(desde)
 
Yet (todavía)
 


LINKERS
ALTHOUGH
(aunque)
 
AND
(y)
 
AS
(cuando)
 
AS A RESULT
(como resultado)
 
BUT
(pero)
 
CONSEQUENTLY
(por consiguiente,
y entonces)
He wanted it, consequently, he bought it.
FOR THAT REASON
(por esa razón)
 
HOWEVER
(sin embargo)
 
IN ORDER TO/THAT
(para)
 
SO AS TO
(para)
 
SO
(así que)
 


SEQUENCING WORDS
 
MEANING
SENTENCE
After a while
Después de un rato
 
After that
Después de eso
 
Afterwards
Después
 
As soon as
Tan pronto como
 
First /firstly
En primer lugar
 
Last of all
Lastly/ Finally
Finalmente, por último
 
Later (on)
Más tarde
 
Next
A continuación
 
The next day
Al día siguiente
 
Then
Después
 
In the end
Al final
 


ADVERBS USED TO DESCRIBE AN EVENT
You can make your narrative more interesting by using adverbs:
Amazingly
Soprendentemente
 
Fortunately
Afortunadamente
 
Incredibly
Increíblemente
 
Luckily
Afortunadamente
Luckily we arrived on time to take the flight.
Suddenly
De repente
 
Unfortunately
Desafortunadamente
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


ADJECTIVES USED TO DESCRIBE FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS
ADJECTIVES
MEANING
SENTENCES
Amazed
Sorprendido, alucinado
 
Angry
Enfadado 
 
Anxious
Preocupado
 
Cold
Frío
 
Confused
Confundido
 
Delighted
Encantado
 
Dry
Seco
 
Excited
Emocionado
 
Exhausted
Agotado
 
Freezing
Congelado
 
Glad
Content
I was glad to hear he was coming.
Guilty
Culpable
 
Grateful
Agradecido
He was grateful for the gift.
Happy
Feliz
 
Hot
Acalorado
 
Hungry
Hambriento
 
Lonely
Solo
 
Miserable
Desdichado
 
Pleased
Encantado
 
Proud
Orgulloso
 
Relieved
Aliviado
 
Sad
Triste
 
Scared
Asustado
 
Shocked
Impactado
 
Surprised
Sorprendido
 
Terrified
Aterrorizado
 
Tired
Cansado
 
Warm
Tibio
 
Worried
Preocupado
 
Wet
Mojado
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

3 comentarios:

  1. Hello Rosa, this is great!!! I am an English teacher too. May I use your notes with my own students? They are really useful. Thanks a lot

    ResponderEliminar
  2. Thank you very much. It's a very useful information

    ResponderEliminar
  3. Hi! I am also an English teacher. If you don't mind I would like to use this chart, we are working with the narrative this week. Please, let me know if it is ok.
    Congrats on the blog, by the way. I have a resource blog myself ealoenglish.blogspot.com.es, you are welcome to visit it.

    Regards

    ResponderEliminar