Phrasal verbs TRAVEL
A. Complete the sentences using the words in the box.
in up back down out after off x 2
- We hired a car when we arrived at the airport but it broke _____ on the way to the hotel.
- My mum always feels nervous just as the plane is taking _____ and landing.
- I set _____ at six o’clock so that I would arrive at the hostel before the other travellers.
- Phone me from the airport after you’ve checked _____.
- I hate sleeping in a tent because I can’t put _____ with the mosquitoes and other insects.
- The taxi had to turn _____ when it reached the mountain road because a tree had fallen and was blocking the way.
- Would you mind looking _____ my cat while I’m on holiday next week?
- We are planning to travel for six months but if we run _____ of money, we’ll be back sooner!
Words often confused
B. Circle the correct words in each sentence.
- Last year we went on an amazing travel / trip around Europe.
- We visited about twenty antique / ancient churches along the route.
- They are staying at a campsite / camping in the Pyrenees.
- This is the most relaxing / relaxed holiday I’ve had in years!
- I love getting sunburnt / suntanned, don’t you?
- Those people are foreigners / strangers I think – they are speaking a strange language.
- I’m sure Jack and Mary will pass / spend a lovely time in Las Vegas.
- You can buy some recollections / souvenirs in the gift shop at the hotel.
Gerunds and Infinitives (+ infinitive without to)
A. Circle the correct words in each sentence.
- Travelling around Africa makes you to think / think / thinking about the comfortable life we lead at home.
- We decided to look / look / looking for a different kind of holiday.
- They enjoy visiting / to visit / visit museums and churches.
- I really think you should taking / to take / take a trip up to the mountain top; it’s a fantastic view.
- We’re fed up of go / going / to go to the same place every year; we want a change this year.
- Let’s to get / get / getting some brochures from the travel agency.
- Eating / Eat / To eat exotic gourmet food is one of my favourite things to do on holiday.
- It’s quite difficult understand / to understand / understanding the local dialect; you have to use sign language.
B. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
- I try to avoid ________ to places where there are lots of tourists. (go)
- We can’t afford ______ a holiday abroad this year so we’re going to a campsite near the local beach. (have)
- Hello, pleased ______ you. (meet)
- I’m going to the bank ______ some traveller’s cheques for our holiday in India. (order)
- I’m not very good at ______ people when I’m travelling around. (meet)
- Can you ______ to China overland? (get)
- The hotel owner let us ______ our suitcases in the hotel for this morning. (leave)
- ______ alone is not easy – you have to like your own company. (travel)
C. Complete the sentences using the words in the box. Use the gerund or the infinitive.
save see have talk go send get write
- Don’t forget __________ a new passport before you go!
- I’ll never forget __________ the Twin Towers in New York before the terrorist attack.
- Did you remember __________ the postcards?
- I remember __________ them but I’m not sure if I sent them.
- We stopped at a service station on the motorway __________ lunch.
- Everyone stopped __________ when the film started.
- We didn’t mean __________ to Birmingham; we caught the wrong bus!
- For many families, a summer holiday means __________ up all year round.
D. Complete the second sentences using the word in bold.
1. The customs official wouldn’t let us enter the country. (refused)
The customs official _________________________________________
2. Jane said she would book the hotel and the ferry. (agreed)
3. Do you want to go to Italy this year? (fancy)
Do you ___________________________________________________
4. I don’t really want to go abroad this summer. (feel)
5. I really hate spending time on the beach. (stand)
I can’t ____________________________________________________
6. He said he would be careful with his money. (promised)
7. I haven’t got enough money to go to Paris. (afford)
8. The landowner allowed us to fish in the river. (let)
The landowner _____________________________________________
Grammar review (modal verbs, reported speech, the passive, conditionals)
A. Choose the correct option: A, B or C.
- I think you _____ book a hotel before you go.
- Everyone _____ off the bus and show their passports when we arrived at the border.
- must get
- must have got
- had to get
- We _____ for any of the meals in the hotel – everything was included.
- didn’t have to pay
- mustn’t pay
- mustn’t have paid
- There’s nobody waiting for the bus – I think we _____ it!
- must have missed
- must miss
- have must miss
- I’m not quite sure where we are – we _____ anywhere!
- can be
- could be
- must be
- You _____ a ticket before you got on the train.
- should buy
- should bought
- should have bought
- You _____ smoke on the bus – it’s strictly forbidden!
- don’t have to
- haven’t to
- You _____ Bill in the supermarket today; he’s on holiday in China!
- can’t see
- couldn’t see
- can’t have seen
B. Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. Use the correct tense.
1. If we catch the 9 o’clock train, we __________ in Paris in time for lunch. (arrive)
2. What will he do if he __________ the bus? (miss)
3. If I __________ enough money, I’d gone on holiday tomorrow. (have)
4. Where would you go if you ___________ go anywhere in the world? (can)
5. If I were rich, I __________ all my time travelling around the world. (spend)
6. What _____ you ____ if you found someone’s passport? (do)
7. If I’d known you were coming to visit, I __________ a meal for us! (cook)
8. We __________ at the station on time if we’d come by taxi. (arrive)
C. Correct the mistakes in these sentences.
- He told to me that he was going to travel around the world.
- She said that she will meet us in the park the following day.
- They asked him where was the beach.
- I asked him was he on holiday.
- The lawyer advised us that we complain about the hotel.
- The guide told us to not go outside the city centre.
- Do you know weather or not the shops are open this afternoon?
- I asked him how long had he been travelling.
D. Complete the second sentence. Use the passive form.
1. Someone is going to fix my camper van.
2. The government has passed a new law to promote rural tourism.
A new law ________________________________________________
3. They are building a huge holiday centre near the beach.
A huge holiday centre _______________________________________
4. They have opened a new airport near the city.
A new airport ______________________________________________
5. A consortium of businessmen bought the ski resort last year.
The ski resort______________________________________________
6. They will probably open a new hotel here.
A new hotel _______________________________________________
7. They will have invented space travel for tourists by 2050.
Space travel for tourists _____________________________________
8. They can sell thousands of train tickets an hour using this new machine.
Thousands of train tickets an hour ______________________________
A. Complete the sentences. Choose the best option: A, B or C.
- There’s a place in Switzerland _____ they found the Higgs Bosun particle.
- Graphene is a new material _____ was invented in Manchester.
- Tesla was the man _____ discovered electricity, although many people think it was Thomas Edison.
- I like inventions _____ humanity.
- which they help
- which help
- who help
- She’s the girl _____ father is a famous nuclear scientist.
- Graphene, _____ was invented in Manchester, is the material of the future.
- Stephen Hawkings, _____ is one of the world’s best-known physicists, is appearing on our programme to explain what happens around a black hole.
- Richard Dawkins, _____ books have sold millions, is an expert in the field.
B. Complete the sentences. Write who, which, where or whose.
- This is the material ________ is going to change the future of construction.
- Brian Cox is a famous physicist ________ used to be a famous musician.
- This is the telescope ________ Galileo used to make his calculations about the movement of the planets.
- He’s a scientist ________ I really admire.
- This is the place ________ Copernicus was born.
- Einstein, ________ theory of relativity is one of the greatest scientific achievements, wasn’t a brilliant student.
- The new invention, ________ will revolutionise the communications industry, will be available next year.
- The two scientists, ________ worked on the project for three years, have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.
C. Which of the relative pronouns in exercise B can be replaced with that?
D. In which of the following sentences can the relative pronoun be omitted? Write a ✓if it can be omitted or a X if it cannot be omitted.
- This is a field of science which I find difficult to understand.
- This is the scientist who discovered the new particle.
- This is the new product that I was telling you about.
- This is the product that will change the way we communicate with each other.
- He’s the physicist whose books explain quantum physics in a simple way.
- ‘Thumb generation’ is a phrase which is used to describe the children of today because of their skills with mobile phones.
- Mr Jones, who says he has invented an amazing new gadget, is coming to see you tomorrow.
- These days, mobile phones are an item that we just can’t do without.
Defining relative clauses
E. Rewrite the two sentences as one sentence using the word in brackets.
Example: She’s the actress. She plays the lead role. (who)
She’s the actress who plays the lead role.
- Brian Cox is a physicist. He appears on TV a lot. (who)
- This is a book. It is about inventions of the future. (which)
- That’s the school. Albert Einstein studied there. (where)
- This is a product. It will sell millions. (that)
Non-defining relative clauses
F. Rewrite the two sentences as one sentence using the word in brackets.
Example: This restaurant is very expensive. It is popular with tourists. (which)
This restaurant, which is popular with tourists, is very expensive.
- My sister works as a nuclear scientist. She lives in Switzerland.
- The product will be launched next spring. It was developed by Apple. (which)
- Stephen Hawkins is tonight’s special guest. His new book is a best seller. (whose)
- The laboratory is now a museum. Marie Curie discovered radiation there. (where)
A. Circle the correct words in each sentence.
- The scientist told / said journalists that he hoped to be able to reveal the new discovery that day.
- They explained that the new product would be / will be in the shops before Christmas.
- The inventor said that he worked / had worked on the project for ten years.
- She asked us to have / that we have a look at the new product.
- He asked me if I knew what graphene was / what was graphene.
- I wonder what Einstein was doing / what was Einstein doing when he came up with his famous E = MC2.
- The police told everyone to go / to everyone go home after the demonstration.
- The company marketing department have suggested to change / changing the logo of the new product.
B. Complete the second sentences with direct speech.
- She asked me if I had seen the new product.
_________________________________________ she asked me.
- We asked him what the material was made of.
_________________________________________ we asked him.
- He asked us what we would be doing at this time next year.
_________________________________________ he asked us.
- The journalist asked him how long he had been working on the new product.
_________________________________________ the journalist asked him.
- They said they were going to visit the new factory the following day.
_________________________________________ they said.
- The reporter said that they had launched the satellite into space from right there where she was standing.
_________________________________________ said the reporter.
- He told us to have a look at the new product.
_________________________________________ he told us.
- The technician asked us politely not to touch anything.
_________________________________________ the technician said politely.